Econest (Natural Living)

Essential oils 101

The most useful guide to essential oils you will need.

Essential oils 101.

Comprehensive guide to essential oils

Essential oils are one thing I heard about a lot but never bothered to try. My sister in law bought us Camphor essential Oil, Eucalyptus essential oil and mustard essential oil. I use eucalyptus oil to deodorize the air and cleaning. My interest for essential oils then grew. I love how I use a small drop of eucalyptus essential oil and that drop goes far in refreshing the smell in my house.

My son is going through a sleep regression and I began to research more on these oils. I also spoke to Shannon at and she was very resourceful. I bought my first lavender essential oil. Did a patch test on my son. He slept like the baby he is, and I love how it works. This intrigued me and that’s what inspired this post on essential oils.

Download your list of common essential oils and their uses at the end of this post. 

What are they?

Essential oils are the aromatic life source of a plant. They derive from herbs, flowers and other plants. They are used in Aromatherapy. Aromatherapy (also known as essential oil therapy) is the use of naturally extracted plant aromas to promote physical and emotional well-being. Aromatherapy is commonly used in spas.


  • Use in moderation, that is in small quantities (10 drops) and not with prolonged use. Essential oils are highly concentrated.
  • Some oils must be diluted while a few can be used without dilution such as chamomile, lavender, sandalwood, cypress and rose.
  • Do not use essential oils if you are epileptic or blood conditions
  • Store all essential oils in dark glass bottles.
  • Be careful when using essential oils around children and pets.
  • Close essential oils tightly when not in use.
  • Keep them out of direct sunlight, oxygen, heat and humidity.
  • Avoid water getting into the bottle.
  • Wash your hands after using essential oils.
  • Essential oils should not be taken internally, they are only for external use unless medically advised.
  • Always blend essential oils with a carrier oil or unscented lotion before applying to the skin.
  • Avoid essential oils getting in contact with your eyes. Rinse with milk or vegetable oil if this occurs. Go visit a doctor immediately.
  • Many essential oils are photosensitizers (which means that they increase the skin’s sensitivity to the sun), you should not apply essential oils before going into the sun.
  • Research on an essential oil on its uses, safety and adverse effects before using it.
  • If irritation occurs, stop using the oil immediately.
  • Should be kept out of reach of children.
  • Are flammable, keep away from a naked flame.
  • Pregnant women should not use essential oils without consulting a doctor.
  • Should not be used on people who are ill or who have torn muscles or broken bones.
  • Essential oils should not replace the advice of a medical practitioner and should not be used to cure a medical condition unless prescribed by a medical practitioner.

How and where to use essential oils

  • Blend with carrier oil. Use in small quantities 10 drops of essential oil to about 20ml of vegetable oil
  • As a spritzer. Add to your water bottle and spray in well ventilated rooms.
  • Steam inhaler: add 7 drops in a bowl of boiling water, cover your head with a towel over the bowl, close your eyes and breathe through your nose. Eucalyptus, thyme and tea tree can be used this way.
  • You may also diffuse essential oils in a water based vapourizer.
  • Add 10 drops to your bath.
  • As a massage oil if blended with a carrier oil.
  • For use in hair care products.
  • Added to skincare products after the patch test has been carried out.
  • As a bath salt.
  • As lip balms and salves.
  • As a perfume, use with caution.

Essential oils that are safe for baby and their uses

  • Chamomile oil is good for insomnia, colic, teething and helps uplift babies’ mood. It has natural soothing properties.
  • Dill oil soothes indigestion.
  • Lavender oil helps relax a fussy baby and induces sleep. It is calming and helps relive insect bites.
  • Distilled Lemon oil helps uplift mood.
  • Tea tree is natural antimicrobial, antifungal, and disinfectant. Add a maximum of 10 few drops of tea tree oil to an unscented oil or lotion to help with diaper rash and fungal infections. Tea tree oil is a strong oil. Do a patch test before use.
  • Eucalpytus radiata helps unclog respiratory system. Make sure it is Eucalpytus Radiata.
  • Mandarin oil can be used if lavender oil irritates your baby.
  • Marjoram can help to increase circulation and ease muscles and joint pain.

Caution when using essential oils on babies.

  • Use only on infants who are 3 months and older.
  • Use organic oils.
  • Use in moderation.
  • If irritation occurs stop use immediately.
  • Always mix with carrier oil.
  • Essential oils are not to be taken orally.

It is not recommended to use the following on babies

Essential Oil                     Latin Name

Bay                                      Pimento racemosa

Cinnamon bark or leaf  Cinnamomum zeylanicum*

Clove bud                         Syzygium aromaticum

Citronella                          Cymbopogon nardus

Cumin                                Cuminum cyminum

Lemongrass                      Cymbopogon citratus

Lemon verbena              Lippia citriodora

Oregano                            Origanum vulgare

Tagetes                              Tagetes minuta

Thyme ct. thymol           Thymus vulgaris

How to know if the essential oil is pure.

  • Buy from a trustworthy source.
  • Should be in a glass dark bottle.
  • Place a single drop on white printer paper and let dry. If an oily ring left is behind, it’s not a pure essential oil. This is exceptional on heavy oils such as sandalwood.
  • Make sure the plant’s Latin name is listed on the label of the essential oil.
  • Must specifically state that it is an essential oil.

Why use essential oils.

They are natural. They also have multipurpose functions. Their properties help with a lot of things. They smell wonderful.

What is a patch test?

A patch test is a test to see if your baby is allergic to that essential oil. Do in bits, diluted with a carrier oil and one at a time. Apply a drop of diluted essential oil onto a spot on your baby’s leg or arm. Wait for at least 24 hours to see if there is a reaction. If a reaction in form of redness, itchiness or irritability occurs, discontinue use. If no reaction occurs, you may likely move forward with applying the essential oil.

What is a carrier oil?

Vegetable oil, sunflower oil or coconut oil are good carrier oils as they blend well with most oils and are nourishing to the skin.

Purpose / advantages of them according to the specific oil.

They have many advantages. It is also good to mix oils for a good effect. A few are mentioned below.

  • Peppermint increases concentration, clarity of mind and enthusiasm and reduces fatigue.
  • Lemon oil protects the skin from ageing.
  • Rose oil is used as a skin toner and is often used in skincare preparations.
  • Clary Sage relieves premenstrual cramps.
  • Eucalyptus oil relaxes nervous tension and aching muscles.
  • Tea tree oil is used for the treatment of acne, burns, cuts and wounds.
  • Bergamot is a good mood booster.
  • Lemon and eucalyptus oils purify the air.
  • Lavender oil can be rubbed into the temples of your head and forehead to relieve headaches and reduce insomnia.
  • Natural insect repellent such as neem oil.
  • Geranium, rosemary and ginger detoxify body tissues such as liver.
  • Coconut oil and lime are hair strengtheners.
  • Thyme treats skin disorders such as acne, eczema and athlete’s foot and relieves pain.
  • Peppermint and rosemary clear out respiratory tract during coughs and sore throats
  • Tea tree and lavender control dandruff.
  • According to the smell you like: Lavender, rose, Jasmine are nice smelling for the house and as perfumes.
  • Lemon and wild orange are used as cleaning agents.
  • Rosemary balances hormones.
  • Oregano helps with skin conditions such as eczema.
boost respiratory system

Trustworthy places to buy.

Download your freebie of 36 essential oils and their use:

 In conclusion: Essentials oils should be used in the right way and with caution. Other than that, they are good for multiple uses. Most skincare and medicines have essential oils in them. Read on essential oils safety.

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May 7, 2019 at 7:16 pm

Omg, there is a lot that goes into essential oils. It is a bit overwhelming, however, I have always been interested in learning more. Thank you for your insight.

May 8, 2019 at 1:06 am

OMG! I LOVED this! One stop shop for all the information I need on essential oils, that I will definitely be putting to use! Absolutely loved this.

May 12, 2019 at 1:10 pm

Hey, this post surely is quite comprehensive for someone like me who has yet to explore the world of essential oils. Great ?

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